North (Māori: Te Papa-i-oea)
(Pop: 80,700) is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region. It
is an inland city being the 11th-largest city in New Zealand, and
the centre of the seventh-largest urban area.
Due to its central location in the sprawling Manawatu region,
Palmerston North the focal point for a number of major routes; south
to Wellington, north to Taupo and Auckland, southeast to Napier and
northwest to New Plymouth.
A large proportion of its population consists of students attending
Massey University, Universal College of Learning (UCOL) or
International Pacific College during the student year. Over half of
the city's population is under the age of 25 and the city has been
marketed as 'Student City'.
A pleasant tree-lined city, the crossroads of the Manawatu, with
many education and research institutions in the area, in particular
city's main streets are arranged in a grid around The Square,
a seven-hectare park of lawn, trees, lakes, fountains, and gardens
in the centre of the city. This park contains the city's war
memorial, a memorial to Te Peeti Te Awe Awe, the Rangitāne chief who
was instrumental in the sale of Palmerston North district to the
government in 1865.
The International Pacific College, a private tertiary institution
set up by a Japanese foundation, lies on the outskirts. Bledisloe
Park and Pohangina Domain (32km) have native bush walks, swimming
and picnicking. In The Square can be found the Info Centre, the
Hopwood Clock Tower, gardens and fountains. The Manawatu Art
Gallery, the Science Centre and Manawatu Museum are located on Main
History is found on Heritage Trails and in several specialist
museums. Activities include trout fishing and jet boating on the
river, horse trekking, or camping and tramping in the Ruahine and
Tararua Ranges. The International Rose Trial Grounds are at The
Esplanade Gardens, which also has picnic sites.
Palmerston North is a major hub for
coach and bus services operating to and from Palmerston and
Zealand Link air services to Christchurch, Wellington, Nelson,
Rotorua, Hamilton and Auckland.
There are no passenger train or rail services from Palmerston North to
Napier, Hastings, Whanganui, Taupo, Rotorua, Tauranga or New